The Tour de France and the Tour de France Femmes avec Zwift on the move for cycling as a means of transport

On the road


Departments : Charente, Charente-Maritime, Corrèze, Creuse, Dordogne, Gironde, Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Deux-Sèvres, Vienne, Haute-Vienne. Population: 5.9 million
Prefecture: Bordeaux
Surface area: 2,011 km2
Specialities: Bordeaux wines, Cognac, Armagnac, Espelette chilli pepper, Périgord walnuts, Marmande tomatoes, oysters from the Arcachon basin, Salers meat, Aquitaine cows, Bayonne ham, Pauillac lamb, Bordeaux canelés. Goose, duck, pommes sarladaises, poulet basquaise, garbure, lamprey. Black truffle.
Sports clubs: Girondins de Bordeaux (football), Stade montois, Union sportive dacquoise, Aviron bayonnais, Union Bordeaux Bègles Atlantique, Stade rochelais, CA Brive Corrèze Limousin, Section paloise, Biarritz olympique, SU Agen (rugby), Elan Béarnais Pau-Orthez, CSP Limoges (basketball). 
Competitions: Tour de France, surfing at Lacanau (Lacanau Pro) and Biarritz. Tour of Limousin.  
Festivals: Bayonne festival, Dax festival, Madeleine festival in Mont-de-Marsan, Francofolies festival in La Rochelle, Angoulême comic book festival, Brive book fair, Nuits de nacre in Tulle, Grand Pavois in La Rochelle, Garorock in Marmande, Cognac crime film festival.
Economy: Bordeaux wines, Cognac and Armagnac, aerospace industry, biotechnologies, chemicals, scientific research. Image and digital sector. Agri-food industry. Port of Bordeaux. Tourism. Universities.
Sights: Bordeaux, Saint-Émilion, La Rochelle, Biarritz, Bassin d'Arcachon, Dune du Pilat, Lascaux caves, Futuroscope Poitiers, Lacanau beaches, Biarritz, Biscarosse, Hourtin, Carcans, Soulac-sur-Mer, mouth of the Gironde, Bordeaux vineyards, Dordogne châteaux, Pau châteaux, Pyrenees, Ile d'Oléron, Ile de Ré.  
Websites and social networks:


Region: New Aquitaine
Population: 687,000
Prefecture: Pau
Subprefectures: Bayonne, Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Number of municipalities: 546
Area: 7,645 km2
Specialities: Garbure, chicken in the pot, Salies salt, Béarn charcuterie, Jurançon wine for Béarn, piperade, axoa, Basque chicken, Basque cake, Irouléguy wine for the Basque Country
Sports clubs: Women's rugby: AS Bayonne, RC Lons; Men's rugby: Aviron Bayonnais, Biarritz Olympique, Section Paloise; Basketball: Elan Béarnais; Hockey: Hormadi d'Anglet; Football: Pau FC; Handball: Billère HB.
Competitions: Pau Automobile Grand Prix; Pau Eventing Competition
Festivals: Fêtes de Bayonne, Festival Hestiv'Òc
Economy: agropastoralism, hydroelectricity, agri-food, aeronautics, thermalism
Websites and social networks: / /

Km 1.8


Jurançon is world-famous for its white wines (a dry AOC since 1975 and a sweet AOC since 1936), which were often served at Henry IV’s table and were particularly appreciated by novelist Colette. Legend has it that Henry IV was baptised by having his lips rubbed with a clove of garlic and Jurançon wine. The appellation's main grape varieties are Petit and Gros Manseng. These wines can be tasted at the Maison du Jurançon and the Cave du Jurançon in Gan. Jurançon is the birthplace of skier Annie Famose, double Olympic medallist at the Grenoble Olympics in 1968, and one of the founders of the Alpine resort of Avoriaz. The town was also the start of an individual time trial won by Primoz Roglic in the last Vuelta. 

Km 8.7


Founded in 1335 by Gaston II of Béarn, it took the name of Ghent but dropped the "d" to commemorate the Flanders campaign in which its founder took part. The "prison gate" dates back to the founding of an essentially agricultural town, whose economic flagship is the world leader in honey: Famille Michaud Apiculteurs. Novelist Paule Constant, winner of the 1998 Goncourt Prize, was born in Gan. Local rugby union player Jean-Roger Bourdeu, who died in 2007, played nine times for the French national team.

Km 12.1


A pioneer of French rugby, Hélier Tilh, six-time international in 1912 and 1913 and five-time French champion with Stade Bordelais, was born in Bosdarros in 1881.

Km 13.6


Located at the Château du Duplàa, the Gelos National Stud is one of the most beautiful sites of its kind, with 13 hectares of parkland planted with trees. The stables house 140 stallions of 10 different breeds. 12 horse-drawn carriages are listed as historical monuments. Events are organised for the general public throughout the year. In 1808, Napoleon I decided to create an imperial stud farm in Gelos, at the foot of Pau. Its setting was the former summer residence of the President of the Audit Chamber of the Parliament of Navarra, one of the rare 18th century dwellings to survive in the local landscape. Today, it is a thriving business whose main activity is equine breeding, a symbol of the equine industry that ranks the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department first in France. Born in Gelos in 1920 and died in 1989, Jean Matheu-Gelas captained the French national rugby union team in 1949 and won 24 caps.

Km 17.8


Formerly the residence of the Viscounts of Béarn, the town was formed from the union of the villages of Mazères and Lezons in 1842, and gave its name to a tower of the Château de Pau.